Total Population: 60.6 million; Capital: Rome The national anthem of Italy, "Il Canto degli Italiani," was written by Goffredo Mameli in 1847, with Michele Novaro composing the music in the same year. The anthem is popularly known as "Inno di Mameli" (Hymn) in Italy, in honer of the song writer. Musicians who compose and sing their own songs are called cantautori (singer-songwriters). (Rant, thoughts and what Slow Italy stands for), Italy’s most awe-inspiring, smaller lakes you’ve probably never heard of, Popular foods of Italy: 40 Iconic Italian dishes and must-try Italian foods, The Italian art of the aperitivo: Italian aperitivi and cocktail drinks, Most Notable and Famous Italians in History, Secret and unusual Sicily: 10 towns and sights off the beaten path, 10 Things we Love about Varenna, Lake Como, Tips for a trendy and off-the-beaten-path weekend in Rome, Top 12 Most famous and Iconic fountains of Rome, 7 Reasons to visit Villa Giulia – the masterpieces of Etruscan heritage in Rome, Rome’s talking statues – between reality, poetry and legend, Carnival of Venice: history and meaning of the different types of Venetian masks, Top 15 reasons that make Molise the new coolest region to visit in Italy. One of Italy’s major contributors to classical music is Antonio Vivaldi, one of the greatest Baroque composers widely credited as having created concerto music. This is not to be seen as a rejection of the standard Italian language, it is simply what folk music is about: local color and identity. This was part of a general trend wherein the manuscript tradition in Italy weakened and Rome began to follow northern plainchant traditions. The language of music is Italian. The years 1600 to 1750 encompass the musical Baroque. Italy has won the World Cup four times, the most Word Cup wins second to Brazil. Perhaps the most noteworthy feature of Italian musical form in the 19th century, and that which distinguishes it from musical developments elsewhere, is that it remained primarily operatic. Solve polluti If you want to dance anywhere that's not a disco, you're best off looking for latin dancing , which is very popular all over Italy and there are plenty of places to learn or just dance the Tango, cha cha, Mumba etc. William Byrd (1539/40–1623): English composer known for his development of the English madrigal and his religious organ music. Although the generally light-hearted and ever-popular Rossini was certainly an exception to that, Italian music of the 19th century is dominated at the beginning by the likes of Bellini and Donizetti, giving to Italian music the lyrical melodies that have remained associated with it ever since. Italians got introduced to the sport in the late 1800s by the British. Join our large community of over +75,000 followers on Facebook, Twitter, Stumbleupon, Linkedin, Google+ and Instagram: Slow Italy® is the first slow traveler’s guide to Italy and the Italian way of life. During the 15th century, Italy entered a slow period in native composition, with the exception of a few bright lights such as the performer and anthologist Leonardo Giustinian. Most Viewed. All significant Italian composers of the century wrote opera almost to the exclusion of other forms, such as the symphony. Giuseppe Verdi. The anthem is popularly known as "Inno di Mameli" (Hymn) in Italy, in honer of the song writer. Here are some interesting facts about Italy. The capital city of Italy is Rome. After the Roman Empire broke down in 395 AD, there were many separate kingdoms and city states. It’s proper name Repubblica Italiana (Italian Republic), Nickname: “Bel Paese” which means … Italy became one nation only in 1861. Italian food culture: Italian cuisine is always culture. It is a perfect reflection of Italy’s geographic position and the historic dominance of small city states. The official name of Italy is Repubblica Italica (Italian Republic). It’s proper name Repubblica Italiana (Italian Republic), Nickname: “Bel Paese” which means beautiful country. No parochial protectionist movement has ever attempted to keep Italian music pure and free from foreign influence, except briefly under the Fascist regime of the 1920s and 30s. They were cut from Galileo's corpse during a burial ceremony 95 years after his death in 1642. Italian food culture: Italian cuisine is always culture. The early ballet was accompanied by horns, trombones, kettle drums, dulcimers, and bagpipes. Italy has played a significant role in the history of European music. Later in the century is also the time of the early career of Giacomo Puccini, perhaps the greatest composer of pure melody in the history of Italian music. Piano and violin were invented in Italy, and so were the classical music forms such as symphony, concerto, and sonata. Romanticism in all European music certainly held on through the start of the 20th century. Later composers include Antonio Vivaldi, Alessandro and Domenico Scarlatti, Gioacchino Rossini, Gaetano Donizetti, Giuseppe Verdi, Giacomo Puccini, and Vincenzo Bellini. Approximately at this time, Italian flagellants developed the Italian folk hymns known as spiritual laude. He named the notes using the initial syllables of the first six line of John the Baptist’s hymn. Fun facts on Italy: the pastas. Gregorian chant later came to be strongly identified with Rome, especially as musical elements from the north were added to the Roman Rite, such as the Credo in 1014. Since the 18th c. the town has been the Mediterranean’s main coffee harbor. Unauthorized use and/or duplication of any part of the site’s contents without written and express permission from the owner is prohibited. In 1994, Italian gynecologist and embryologist Severino Antinori (1945-) assisted the oldest women in history (63 years old) to give birth. Bordering countries of France, Switzerland, Austria, and Slovenia to the north have influenced Italian culture, as have the Mediterranean islands of Sardinia and Sicily and Sardinia. The musical scale, the art of Opera and many music terms, such as sonnet, concert, quartet (see: Italian loanwords in English), were also born in Italy and many of the existing European classical music forms can trace their roots back to innovations of sixteenth and seventeenth century Italian music (such as the symphony, concerto, and sonata). About 96 percent of the population of Italy is Italian, though there are many other ethnicities that live in this country. The scale was invented as early as the end of the 10th century, by a Benedictine monk, Guido of Arezzo. Ireland, Spain, and France each developed a local plainchant tradition, but only in Italy did several chant traditions thrive simultaneously: Ambrosian chant in Milan, Old Roman chant in Rome, and Beneventan chant in Benevento and Montecassino. Italian culture is well-known by its musical genders, art masterpieces and its monuments, but there is no orchestra around the world that never has performed an opera or instrumental music of Italy. These innovations in terms of harmony and notation have strongly influenced European classical music and enabled the development of opera in the late 1500s. the dense harmonies of Richard Wagner, Gustav Mahler and Richard Strauss. on Not just blondes! 10 Interesting Facts about Italy. Italian music is the most beautiful around the world, it has influenced under European composers, song-writers and singers. … Here are at least ten reasons why the bubbling and inspiring city of Turin should definitely be on your Italy bucket list. Most of Italians are Catholics. Take … Italy became the primary center of harpsichord construction, violin production started in Cremona in the workshop of Andrea Amati, and lutenist Francesco Canova da Milano earned Italy an international reputation for virtuosic musicianship.. Italy developed its own counterparts to troubadours, called trovatori, including Sordello of Mantua. In general, the sonic model was a mixture of Big Black, Sonic Youth and Fugazi, while the themes coined a sort of neo-existentialism, very much concerned with the psychodramas of ordinary kids. Then, the last fifty years of the century were dominated by Giuseppe Verdi, the greatest musical icon in Italian history. Other songs from this period were often mistaken for traditional folk songs by foreign composers, who further popularized songs which initially had only a local scope. Resonare fibris Italian music has been held up in high esteem in history and many pieces of Italian music are considered high art. Modern Italian composers such as Berio and Nono proved significant in the development of experimental and electronic music. Italian Music History, The 1950s The Tarantella, traditional music from Naples. The Italian language stems directly from Latin, just like other Romance languages like Spanish, Catalan, Portuguese, French, Romanian and other minority languages (Occitan, Provençal, Galician, Ladin and Friulan). Madrigalism reached new heights of emotional expression and chromaticism in what Claudio Monteverdi called his seconda pratica (second practice), which he saw originating with Cipriano de Rore and developing in the music of composers such as Luca Marenzio and Giaches de Wert. The earliest extant music in the West is plainsong, a kind of monophonic, unaccompanied, early Christian singing performed by Roman Catholic monks, which was largely developed roughly between the 7th and 12th centuries. However, Italian folk music also forms an important part of the country’s musical heritage, offering a diverse array of regional styles, instruments and locally colored languages. Let’s learn more with these interesting facts about Italy that cover its history, culture, geography, people, food, weird laws, and some interesting things for kids. 1-5 Interesting Facts About Italy 1. Even as the northern chant traditions were displacing indigenous Italian chant, displaced musicians from the north contributed to a new thriving musical culture in 12th-century Italy. It all sounded like a brain scan at the edge of a nervous … The 19th century is the age of Romanticism in European literature, art, and music. Italian folk songs, ballads, lyrical songs, lullabies, and other children’s songs, seasonal and special occasion songs, and songs dealing with certain professions. Below is some general information such as total population, land area, biggest lake, highest mountain, and other facts about Italy that might be interesting to know. Around 1335, the Rossi Codex, the earliest extant collection of Italian secular polyphony, included examples of indigenous Italian genres of the Trecento including early madrigals, cacce, and ballate. Slow Italy explores different ways to (re)discover Italy, which are both inspiring and more sustainable, by creating benefits for the local communities and diverting travelers away from the usual, saturated tourism hot spots. Northern ballad-singing is syllabic, with a strict tempo and intelligible lyrics, while southern styles use a rubato tempo, nasal timbre and a strained, tense vocal style. The music form originated in France, but later spread to 12th century Italy, where they were called trovatori. It all sounded like a brain scan at the edge of a nervous … Polyphonic song forms and choral singing are principally found in northern Italy, while south of Naples, solo singing is more common, with the exception of the geographically more isolated Sicily and Sardinia, which are very polyphonic. The oldest film festival in the world, beginning in 1932, is the Venice Film Festival.  Galileo's tooth, thumb, and finger are on display in Florence, Italy. Modern pop can roughly be divided in five periods or styles: Then there are also artists such as Angelo Branduardi who mix pop, folk and baroque music into a new, personal genre. Around 1335, the Rossi Codex, the earliest extant collection of Italian secular polyphony, included examples of indigenous Italian genres of the Trecento including early madrigals, cacce, and ballate. His most famous piece is Four Seasons is still played across the world today. Although the tales of Giovanni Pierluigi da Palestrina "rescuing" polyphony with the Missa Papae Marcelli are no longer accepted by scholars, Palestrina's music remains the paradigm of the musical aesthetic promoted by the Church. (Rant, thoughts and what Slow Italy stands for), on Italy’s most awe-inspiring, smaller lakes you’ve probably never heard of, on Top 15 reasons that make Molise the new coolest region to visit in Italy, 10 Reasons why Turin should be on your Italy bucket list, 10 reasons to visit Genoa next time you are in Italy, Top 10 Historic cafés and pastry shops in Trieste, Not just blondes! The Albigensian Crusade, supposedly to attack Cathar heretics, brought southern France under northern French control and crushed Occitan culture and language. Famuli tuorum Italy's last king ruled for just 36 days. By the end of the 15th century, Italy was being torn apart by one war after another. The Italian cuisine is made of and full of Italian food culture. In 1559, Antonio Gardano published Musica nova, whose politically pro-republican partisan songs pleased the northern Italian republics and riled the Church. Italian Music History, The 1950s The Tarantella, traditional music from Naples. Antipasti is often the first part of the meal. In the late 1800s and early 1900s, emigrants from Naples and southern Naples took their popular Neapolitan songs with them abroad, where these gained further popularity. This development extended to the lyrics of popular songs and forms such as the madrigal, meaning “in the mother tongue”. Although Gregorian chant has its roots in Roman chant and is popularly associated with Rome, it is not indigenous to Italy, nor was it the earliest nor the only Western plainchant tradition. Italian music has been one of the major glories of European art. Italy has been nicknamed Bel Paese meaning beautiful country. Many Italian composers, however, did write significant sacred music, such as Rossini a Stabat Mater and his late Petite messe solennelle and Verdi Messa da Requiem and Quattro pezzi sacri. Indeed, everyone can identify the Mona Lisa, but do you know(…) CONTINUE … The music is in lively 6 / 8 time. Italian opera forsakes the Comic opera for the more serious fare of Italian lyric Romanticism.  There are no Italian symphonists in this century, the way one might speak of Brahms in Germany, for example. Rome its capital city was founded in 753BC. Only to be rediscovered, as it happened with dialects, as a precious representation of Italy’s heritage and social history. However, in addition to this direction, the Roman art in Italy brought three major innovations: the art of portraits, landscape painting and the depiction of history; three art-historical achievements … Elvis Presley interpreted his own version of the song entitled It’s Now or Never. The currency is the Euro. The early ballata was often a poem in the form of a virelai set to a monophonic melody. Piano and violin were invented in Italy, and so were the classical music forms such as symphony, concerto, and sonata. New organizations arose to promote Italian music, such as the Venice Festival of Contemporary Music and the Maggio Musicale Fiorentino. It was common for fishermen, shepherds, and … Even in the Neolithic Age, the inhabitants of Italy produced artistic ornaments and artefacts. Italy’s folk music styles include monophonic, polyphonic, and responsorial songs. While, in some European countries, folk singing styles became a national symbol, in Italy it was never the case. Decorations, interiors and frescoes were more important than outside facades. Italy’s rich history, beautiful architecture, and delicious food are all reasons that it’s one of the world’s most sought-after tourist destinations. Claudio Monteverdi is considered the first great composer of the new musical form, opera, the person who turned Florentine novelty into a "unified musical drama with a planned structure.". Here are 25 Kickass and Interesting Facts About Italy. The traditional music in Italy differs from region to region. Italy has only been a country since 1861 when the separate nation-states unified together as the Kingdom of Italy. Among the best-known Italian pop musicians of the last few decades are Domenico Modugno (with his famous song Volare), Mina, Claudio Villa, Adriano Celentano, Lucio Battisti, De André and, more recently, Zucchero, Lucio Dalla, De Gregori, Vasco Rossi, Gianna Nannini and international superstar Laura Pausini, Eros Ramazzotti and Andrea Bocelli. Italian isn’t just spoken in Italy. The Roman Empire was founded in 27 BC and Augustus Caesar proclaimed himself emperor of Rome in 31 BC. The caccia was often in three-part harmony, with the top two lines set to words in musical canon. As a result, Italian music has kept elements of the many peoples that have d…  Three cities are especially important in this period in Italy: Venice, as the birthplace of commercial opera; Rome, for Palestrina's school of Renaissance polyphony; and Naples, as the birthplace of church-sponsored music conservatories. It includes the Gregorian chant, the troubadour song, the madrigal, and the work of Giovanni Palestrina and Claudio Giovanni Monteverdi. Ut queant laxis The winner of the first festival was a song entitled Te voglio bene assaje, composed by the opera composer, Gaetano Donizetti. Instead, the "Marcia … Italian opera forsakes the Comic opera for the more serious fare of Italian lyric Romanticism. Especially in the realm of fine arts, many of history’s most famous figures have hailed from Italy, including Leonardo da Vinci and Michelangelo. Well, in Italy you won’t find pizza on the menu in most restaurants. Tarantellas for two couples are also danced. Italy has hosted the Olympics three times in 1956, 1960, and 2006. Then, the last fifty y… In most Western countries, you can usually expect to find pizzas on the menu in just about any restaurant. It is with the troubadours that the shift occurred from a long tradition of writing music in Latin to writing music in the local language. Music has played a significant role in the culture of Italy. It is also the age in which Italian music became international, so to speak, with many Italian composers beginning to work abroad. Italy rhymes with style, culture, classical music, great painters and everything related to beauty and art.The Italian people have given us some of history’s most celebrated artists like Michelangelo, Leonardo da Vinci or Raphael. Learn more about Italian music with our history recap: Italian Music 1918 To 1940s. The five picturesque villages, known as the Cinque Terre, count among the most scenic and colorful villages of Italy.  Shortly afterwards, in 1614, the Editio medicea (Medicean Edition) of Gregorian chant was released, rewriting the Gregorian chant repertory to purge it of perceived corruptions and barbarisms, and return it to a "purer" state closer in style to Palestrinian melodies. Photographs used on this website by permission or license remain the property of their respective owners. Fun facts on Italy: the pastas. Italian culture, steeped in the arts, architecture, music and food, has flourished for centuries. The 19th century is the age of Romanticism in European literature, art, and music. Great history, but the best book I have ever read on how to LISTEN to classical music takes a different approach. The keyboard was extended, and the making of stringed instruments by Antonio Stradivari became a great industry in Cremona. 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